Saint Valentines Day History Lesson

By | February 11, 2017

Have you ever wondered about the origin of this special day? Well then in this article I will give you a Saint Valentines Day history lesson. This is a day celebrated by lovers in many countries all over the world. We will give our wive or husband, girlfriend or boyfriend, or a maybe that crush of ours a special gift to show them that we love and care for them. But how did this special day begin?

Saint Valentine's Day History Lesson

Before I begin to discuss the origin of this day of love I must make a correction. In fact it is “Valentine’s Day” and not “Valentines Day“. So with that fact in mind let us learn what this day is all about.

Special Dates:

Saint Valentine’s Day – February 14th

Saint Dynwen’s Day – January 25th (Welsh patron saint of lovers)

Dia dos Namorados (Lover’s Day) – June 12th (Brazilian day for lovers)


When Did Saint Valentine’s Day Start?

Saint Valentine’s Day is also called the Feast of Saint Valentine which is an annual holiday that is celebrated on February 14th worldwide. It is actually a feast day that honors at least three different saints either named Valentine or Valentinus. The most popular story connected to this day belongs to Saint Valentine who was a priest that lived in Rome during the 3rd Century.

When Did Saint Valentine's Day Start?

Saint Valentine is said to have been imprisoned because he performed weddings for soldiers who were forbidden to marry, and also for ministering to Christians. Both of these acts were outlawed for over two hundred years until 313.

The reason that marriage was forbidden was because it was believed that single men made better soldiers, rather than those that had wives and families. Valentine though disagreed with this injustice by Emperor Claudius II and married these young lovers in secret.

His actions though were discovered and Claudius ordered for Valentine to be put to death. It is believed that this date in February is celebrated as this is the date of death or burial in 270AD.

There are stories that suggest that he was killed whilst attempting to help Christians escape the harsh Roman prisons. One of the more popular stories suggests that during his imprisonment he healed the daughter of his jailer, Asterius. The daughter would visit him during his confinement and he subsequently fell in love with her. Before his execution he wrote a letter to her and signed it “Your Valentine“, or “From Your Valentine“.

Despite different possible events they all emphasize that Valentine was a sympathetic hero and a romantic figure. Thanks to his reputation he was regarded as one of the most popular saints in the United Kingdom and France.


Actually A Pagan Festival?

As with any origin story there is always controversy or different interpretations. February 14th is celebrated as it may be the death or burial of Valentine. Although this date may have been chosen by the Christian church as they wished to “Christianize” the pagan celebration of Lupercalia.

Christian Cross

The Lupercalia celebration was a fertility festival that was dedicated to the Roman god of agriculture, Faunus, and also to two Roman founders Remus and Romulus. During this festival, the members of the Luperci, who were an order of Roman priests would congregate at a sacred cave. This cave is said to have been where the two infant founders where cared for by a she-wolf or lupa.

A goat would then be sacrificed and their hides would be made into strips. These strips were then dipped in their sacrificial blood and then somewhat unpleasantly gently slapped against women of the village, and also the crop fields. The women though did not fear this as they believed it would make them more fertile.

Then later on in the day the women would each place their name into an urn. Subsequently the bachelors of the village would chose a name and thus be paired with a woman. Most of these pairings would result in marriage.

The Lupercalia celebration survived until the end of the 5th Century. By that time Pope Gelasius declared Feburary 14th Saint Valentine’s Day. It wasn’t until much later though that this date was associated with love. Back in the Middle Ages it was commonly believed that this date marked the beginning of the birds’ mating season. And so further added to the story that this is a day of romance.


Are There Any Other Days For Lovers?

There are other two special days for lovers to mention as well. These are Saint Dynwen’s Day for the Welsh that is celebrated on January 25th, and Dia dos Namorados for Brazilian lovers on June 12th.

Other Days For Lovers

The Welsh patron saint of lovers, Dynwen, was believed to have been a daughter of King Brychan Brycheiniog. She lived in north Wales in the 5th Century. Her tale is a sad one.

A Day for the Welsh!

She loved a young man named Maelon, but he rejected her advances. Unfortunately he drinks a potion that was given to her by an angel. He then subsequently turns into ice. Dynwen is given three wishes to free him, but in doing so she must remain unmarried. After Maelon is freed she lives the rest of her life in solitude on the small island of Ynys Llanddwyn of the coast of north Wales.

The Welsh do observe this special saint’s day as well as Valentine’s Day.

A Day for Brazilians!

Dia dos Namorados is translated as “Lover’s Day”, “Day of the Enamored”, or “Boyfriends / Girlfriends Day”. This day precedes Saint Anthony’s Day, a saint who died on June 13th 1231. He was recognized for blessing young couples with happy and prosperous marriages.

This day for Brazilian is quite similar to Saint Valentine’s Day for the western world, as they will exchange romantic gifts such as chocolates and flowers. Brazilians though do not celebrate Valentine’s Day as this date falls closely to their Brazilian Carnival.


What To Do On Saint Valentine’s Day?

The Middle Ages was even a time that was popular for exchanging Valentine greetings. One of the earliest known valentine that still exists today was a poem that was written by the Duke of Orleans back in 1415. He wrote this poem to his wife while he was imprisoned in the Tower of London in England.

What To Do On Saint Valentine's Day?

Valentine’s Day is celebrated in the western world in countries such as the UK, France, US, Australia and Canada, among others. This event became popular sometime in the 17th Century. By the mid 1700s small tokens of love were exchanged, as well as handwritten notes. Later in 1900 printed cards would replace these handwritten notes.

These ready-made cards were an easy way for people to show their affection, rather than handwriting their own notes. Showing one’s feelings was discouraged during this time. As postage was cheap this saw an increasing number of greetings being sent on this day.

Valentine’s Day was also celebrated in the early 1700s. Sometime in the 1840s mass-produced cards by Esther A Howland were sold. These cards were pictured with hearts, cupids and flowers. They were also trimmed with lace and ribbon. Due to the production of these cards Howland is known as the “Mother of the Valentine“.

Today it is estimated that 1 billion Valentine’s Day cards are exchanged each year. As a result it has become the second most popular occasion to send cards.

What Else Can You Do To Show Your Love?

Besides sending cards you may also buy chocolates or flowers, which are very popular items to send to your loved ones. Jewelry is also a popular gift to purchase and give to your love, as well as hampers. You may also want to plan a romantic evening accompanied with champagne just for the two of you. Spending the night away or the weekend at a luxury hotel is also very popular.

If you are yet to pop the question then why not propose to your love on this day? Marriage proposals are extremely popular on February 14th and some people go to extreme lengths to show of their love and pop the question.

==> Check Out These Creative Gift Ideas By Gina Bisceglia <=

Even though there is some confusion as to the origin of Saint Valentine’s Day it is though known for showing affection for your loved one. You can show your love as I have mentioned in a number of ways. What do you do for your loved one on this special day? I would love to know.


Thank You and Please Leave A Comment

I hope you enjoyed this Saint Valentines Day history lesson, (or rather Saint Valentine’s Day). If you think that this post will be helpful to others then please share it with friends and family using the social media buttons below.

If you have any questions or comments then please leave a comment below. I would love to hear from you.

Author: Owain

Hello, Owain here. After researching my family history for a number of years I wanted to give back to the genealogy world. So here you will find guides, tips and product reviews that will help you on your genealogy journey.

10 thoughts on “Saint Valentines Day History Lesson

  1. Katie

    I enjoyed reading this. I have oftened wondered about the origin of this holiday. To think it goes back so many thousands of years is amazing. I do still wonder though why some people send valentines to family members. To me it is for your sweetheart not your child, cousins, Mom’s and Dads. I believe it is a special day between you and your significant other, i.e. “lover’s day”.

    Reply
    1. Owain Post author

      Hi Katie,

      It did surprise me just how far back this special day originated. I have never heard of family members sending Valentine’s to each other. Like you said I believe that it should be between you and your significant other.

      Reply
  2. Shawn

    Very Interesting read, I have never been aware of the history of Valentines. You covered it very well. This story is both sad and inspiring at the same time. It would have been scary living back then knowing that any disobeying of the king would be death. No thank you!

    Reply
    1. Owain Post author

      I am glad that you liked the history lesson Shawn. It is a sad story but it has brought so much joy to people now. So I suppose that maybe some justice or reward that came out of this.

      Reply
  3. Gina

    Hi Owain,
    Your Saint Valentines Day History Lesson is very fascinating. I never knew what the real reason was why we celebrated this Holiday. Thank you for sharing your insight on this. Extremely interesting! I also deeply appreciate the link to my site to check out my creative gift ideas. That was very nice of you!
    I wish you ultimate success in all you do,
    Gina

    Reply
    1. Owain Post author

      You are quite welcome Gina. I am glad that you found the origin story behind this special day to be interesting. It is my pleasure to link to your site and show people just what they can do for their loved ones.

      Reply
  4. Linda

    I am very interested in genealogy. Your site is very interesting, and you have beautiful images on your site as well!

    Reply
    1. Owain Post author

      Thank you Linda for your comment. My aim with this site is to help people with their genealogy research. And by doing so I want to create a site that is easy and interesting for people to read and use.

      Reply
  5. Furkan

    Wow I seriously had no idea about this and of course that priest story. It is a cool thing to tell this story during a special dinner. Well I am not going to lie I will probably tell it to impress some girls 😉 I don’t know it makes people better soldier but my country also believed that soldier, who is without a wife, is better soldier.

    Reply
    1. Owain Post author

      By all means use this story to impress the girls Furkan. But seriously it is a very interesting origin story. If you like this post then please check out the rest of the site as I a month sure you will find something of interest.

      Reply

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