What Can You Learn From The 1910 Census Records?

Are you interested to know what your ancestors were doing in the early 20th century? Well, the 1910 census records can give you a snapshot of their live.

1910 Census Records

These records can give you so much information which can help you build your family tree and get to know who your ancestors were.

Read on as I will show you what you can learn about them.

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What’s In These Records?

As I mentioned at the start of this post the 1910 census records will give you a snapshot of your ancestors lives which began on April 15th 1910.

1910 Census Records Blank Form

* Please visit National Archives for full blank form *

Within these records you will find people listed from all 50 states, as well as any of your military and naval forces ancestors.

The territory of Puerto Rico was also included within this fact finding exercise.

What will you find?

At the top of the census records you will find useful information such as the state, county and town/township for the individuals listed on the page.

There is also the date that the information was collected.

However, you must bear in mind that the data collected would refer to information that was correct on census night – April 15th, and not the date when the enumerator arrived at the home to get details of the family.

(Hope that made sense).

10 key elements in the 1910 census records!

Each of the following ten key elements are broken down into further parts.


If you knew where your ancestor lived from other documents then this information will help you verify that you have found the right family or not.

The house number was recorded along with the name of the street, road, avenue or whatever it was called.

If the dwelling was a farm then the name was recorded.

House and Land

Several households would be listed on the same page of these records. And for that reason you will see the order of visitation by the enumerator.

There is also the number of family in order of visitation.

It was, (and still is), common to see a couple or several families listed within the same dwelling.

Name and Relation

This is the main key element that will help you to identify whether the person list was your ancestor.

Each person within the family was listed by their name and the relationship to the head of the family indicated.

This section of census records has been a great help to me in finding out how each of the family members were connected and also for building my family tree.

Because of these reasons census records have been a great help for many people tracing their family tree.

Personal Description

You can definitely learn a lot about your ancestors from this key element. And if you are not certain about

The following information that you can learn:


Can help you identify whether you are looking at a male or female’s record. Useful if their name is illegible.

Color or race

Possible answers include: White; Black; Mulatto; Quadroon; Octoroon; Chinese; or Japanese. A separate census record was used to record anyone of Indian descent.


An individual’s age on their last birthday.

Marital status

Whether they are single, married, divorced or widowed.

If for example your ancestor was married in 1900 but in 1910 was a widower then you have a time-frame to look for the death of his wife.

Number of years married

Only answered if marital status was listed as married.

Number of total children born and still living

Only entered for females.

This is another useful element of the census records as from this you may identify gaps in your knowledge of your family tree.


This element will show you the birthplace of your ancestor and his or her parents as well.

This can help you verify that you are looking at the same person. Also, you will have an indication of where you need to look for the parents.


You can learn a lot about your ancestors from this key element and also you can find out where to turn for more records.

Your ancestor’s year of immigration to the United States can help you to narrow down your search for their passenger record.

You can also learn whether they have been naturalized or still an alien.

And finally you can find out whether they can speak English and if not what was their chosen language.


Identify whether you are looking at the correct individual by checking the trade or profession of the individual. This is quite useful if you already know what work they were doing.

But if you don’t then it can also be quite interesting reading.


The industry, business, or establishment where your ancestor worked was also recorded, and whether they were an employer, employee or working on their own account.

If your ancestor was an employee then they were also required to enter how many weeks within the past year that they were out of work.


The government wanted to know the literacy of the population. Therefore they were asked whether they could read or write.

They were also asked whether they had attended school since September 1st 1909.

Ownership of home

The government also wanted to know whether the individual owned or rented their dwelling, and whether it was owned free or mortgaged.

The last part of this element queries whether the dwelling was a house or a farm.

And if it were a farm then the schedule number of visitation was added.


Again you can learn a lot about your ancestor from this key element. From this question you may find out that they were a survivor of the Union, Confederate Army or Navy.

Confederate Memorial Day


From this element of the 1910 census record you can find out whether they were blind (in both eyes), death or dumb.

Where Can I Find These Records?

Just where can you get access to the 1910 census records? For you I have two options. Firstly there is a free option which sounds quite intriguing.

Where can I find the 1880 census records

And then there are a couple of paid options which may turn you off but please hear me out.

Your FREE option!

If I can get information for free then I will. After all we want to save money wherever we can and genealogy is no objection.

For that reason I turn my attention to is FamilySearch.

This is an excellent website as they have millions of records held within their databases.

I have used this site extensively and have found many ancestors within their files.

It has thus saved me money finding these records where I would otherwise have had to pay elsewhere.

But there is a drawback to this site.

And that drawback is that you may not find what you are looking for.

Sure they do have millions of records but that doesn’t mean that you will find a particular record that you are after.

Your PAID options!

For that reason I turn my attention to two paid genealogy search websites. The two sites that I regularly visit to trace my family tree are Ancestry and FindMyPast.

Credit: Ancestry

Ancestry is the world’s largest repository of family’s history records.

Not only can you find your ancestors through census records but there are also other records that’s you can gain access from this site.

Records include birth, death and marriage certificates, wills and probates, business directories, and more.

And you can also connect with other members that’s can help you along your genealogy journey.

But why check out FindMyPast as well?

So, if Ancestry is so good then why do I go to FindMyPast as well?

The reason for this comes down to indexing.

Records maybe incorrectly deciphered and uploaded to the Ancestry databases.

This is particularly true if the enumerator filled in the census record forms with fancy handwriting.

But even if the person transcribing these records can read the handwriting there still is the possibility that they may miskey a letter.

So if I cannot find my ancestor I will then try my luck by visiting FindMyPast.

This site I should pretty much similar to Ancestry as not only can you find census records but all sorts of other records as well.

Try them both!

Whatever your preference I do suggest that you try one if not both of these paid sites.

Genealogy is no different to any other hobby as you expect to part ways with money at some point.

If you didn’t spend some money on your interest into your ancestors lives then you wouldn’t be doing your research any justice.

And that is the truth believe me.

My Final Thoughts!

There is plenty of information that you can find out about from accessing the 1910 census records.

And by searching for your ancestor within other censuses you can map out their life.

One of the greatest projects that I have carried out is writing my family history books.

This has proved helpful to me for two reasons.

Reasons why writing a book helps!

The first reason was that I was able to look further into the information that was staring right at me within these records. What was the reason that motivated my ancestors to move around the country or why did they change occupation.

The second benefit from writing my own book was that I could spot holes in the knowledge of my ancestor’s life.

Therefore, I could then either check out Ancestor or FindMyPast for more information.

So, learn what you can from census records. They can put you well onto your family history journey.

But take your time and work at your own pace.

Further Information!

After reading this helpful guide you may want to check out further information regarding US Census Records.

Why not head on over to the United States Census Bureau for help with your genealogy research.

Thank You and Please Leave A Comment

I hope you enjoyed this post explaining what you can learn from the 1910 census records. If you have any questions or comments then please leave a comment below.

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